100% All Soy Wax.
EcoSoya™ PB makes all molded candles such as votives, pillars, tarts, etc. It has excellent scent throw working best with fragrances and is self-releasing from molds.
EcoSoya™ PB is made from pure 100% soybeans and carefully selected botanical oils. Candles made with EcoSoya™ PB have a creamy appearance and ship well in all climates.. It is supplied in flake form.
Cases weigh about 50#pounds each.
EcoSoya™ PB requires no additives and has outstanding stability with no experienced shelf life in or out of candles. Old or partial candles may be remelted and the wax reused.
Molds should be clean and at room temperature when preparing. They may need “conditioning” before using EcoSoya™ soy wax. To condition, clean the mold, re-melt the wax and re-pour. Condition molds if candles do not release well after drying.
Pigments do not dissolve in EcoSoya™, but most dyes work well, including powder, liquid, chips and blocks. When using powder dyes, heat the wax to 190°F, add the dye and mix until dissolved. Powder dyes may also be dissolved in fragrance and then added to the melted wax. Make sure the dye has completely dissolved before mixing into the wax. Heat the wax to 165°F when using powder dyes dissolved in fragrance, liquid dyes, color blocks, chips or when no dye is used. To make candles darker or “richer”, add a small amount of black dye to the color you are using.
EcoSoya™ PB may be used with most fragrances up to 10-12%. Burn pool size and depth greatly affect scent throw, so proper wicking is essential. Some fragrances may react poorly when fragrance is added. Try a different fragrance or manufacturer to eliminate problems if you experience wax causing bleed, objectionable frosting or poor flame quality.
EcoSoya™ soy waxes require larger wick sizes than paraffin waxes and burn more down than out, allowing them to burn longer. Scent, color and candle configuration greatly impact the best wick choice. Too large of a wick may cause sooting, quick burn times and guttering (wax leaking through the side of the candle). Begin testing with the suggested wick types and sizes listed in the table below. Keep wicks trimmed to ¼ inch and try a different type of wick if you experience poor flame quality or stability. Test burn the candle 48 hours after pouring.
Heat the wax to 165°F when using liquid, chip and block dyes or no dye at all. When using powder dye, heat the wax to 190°F, add the dye and mix until dissolved. Stir/mix the wax while melting. Allow the wax to cool to your desired pour temperature, add the fragrance and mix well.
Short term high temperatures (such as 190°F) have no adverse effect on the wax, as long as the wax is quickly cooled down. Please note that temperatures higher than 190°F may cause the wax to discolor.
Pour temperatures may vary according to mold type and size, fragrance and dye used and the effects you want to achieve. Add scent and mix at a high tempterature or immediately before pouring. If you experience difficulty in pouring, adjust the pour temperature in increments of 10°F. Some waxes require tapping the mold while pouring to prevent bubbles, but EcoSoya™ PB does not produce bubbles when poured.
PB Double-Pour: Two pours are required when using with larger candles (such as 3 – 4 inch pillars). Pour the first measure of wax at 155°F to fill the mold to the top and allow the candle to cool until it is warm with a congealed center and no liquid. When the top of the mold (bottom of the candle) has “skinned” over and left a void inside, poke two holes into the candle near the wick and pour a second time at 145°F. Do not pour past the solidified wax of the first pour; in essence you are “filling” the first pour. Cool at room temperature.
Note: other cooling techniques used with paraffin have similar effects.
Making Votives with PB: Pour the first measure of wax at 155°F by filling the mold within 1/8 inch from the top. Allow the candle to cool until it is warm with a congealed center and no liquid. When the top of the candle has "skinned" over, poke two holes near the wick and pour a second time at 145°F to completely fill the votive mold.
Candle Cooling and Mold Release
Cool undisturbed candles at room temperature (about 70°F). Place the molds 1/4 to 1/2 inch apart to allow air circulation for even cooling. EcoSoya™ PB is self-releasing, but a silicone mold release spray may be used in the unusual event of sticking. Place the mold/candle in the refrigerator for a few minutes if difficult mold release is experienced. Allow candles to sit undisturbed for 48 hours prior to test burning.
General Candle Making
Creating a candle is a process of combining wax with dye, fragrance, mold configuration and wick. All these components can have a dramatic effect on the wax and how the candle performs. Dyes and fragrances can react poorly with each other and cause problems with wicking. They can also react with the wax to produce undesirable effects.
Choose a mold you want to use for your candle. Pick and mix a dye with the wax that gives you the desired look, use a wick you think will burn well, (see Wicking). Then, choose a fragrance and add it to the mold, wax, dye and wick combination. Check the look and scent throw (both cold and hot) of the candle. If the look is slightly off, then you may need another type or manufacturer of dye or fragrance. If the scent throw is poor, try a different type of wick or a different type or manufacturer of fragrance. Fragrances vary from company to company since one company's vanilla may be different from another company’s vanilla.
Test Burn: Now check wicking. Test burn the candle for burn pool diameter and “mushrooming” after it has setup (cured or dried) for 48 hours. Mushrooming is when carbon and/or other substances build up on the end of the wick, interfering with combustion. Mushrooming can cause sooting and off odors. Try a different wick until you have your desired burn pool diameter and a good clean flame. A general rule is to achieve a full burn pool ¼ to ½ inch deep, from side to side in about the same number of hours as the number of inches the diameter of the container.
Every combination of mold, wax, dye, fragrance and wick must be tested for burn quality.
If you experience a problem with your candle, try the following steps to isolate the cause. Whatever the issue, it’s important that you test only one variable at a time. This will enable you to isolate the cause of your problem. Variables include, but are not limited to, the mold, wax, dye, fragrance, wick, pour temperature and even environmental conditions, such as cooling temperature.
- Make a candle in the mold using only the wick and wax (no dye or fragrance). If it looks good then the wax is performing normally.
- Try adding the dye without fragrance to the mold, wax and wick. If it looks good and burns well the dye is compatible with the wax.
- Try adding the fragrance without dye to the mold, wax and wick. If it looks good and burns well the fragrance is compatible with the wax.
- Try the dye and fragrance together with the mold, wax and wick. If it looks good and burns well the dye/fragrance combination is compatible with the wax.
- If you are experiencing burn problems, try a different type or size of wick.
- Other variables to try include different pouring and cooling temperatures and even different containers.
Be sure that all equipment and materials are contaminant free. This can be a lot of work but you may not be able to determine the cause of your problem. Be sure to record each test and all results. When you do find the cause, substitute a different type or manufacturer of that component until you achieve your desired results.
The above suggestions are only suggestions and your results may vary. Be sure to follow all safety precautions and directions recommended by the manufacturer of the tools, materials and equipment you use.