Wick Helper

These wicks have all been pre-waxed (primed), cut to the specified length, and tabs have already been crimped on. They are all ready for use. We offer a large variety of diameters (sizes) and lengths in several different styles. You may need to experiment to get the correct size and style wick for the candle you are making. You should always test burn your candle to determine which wick is best suited to your application. This chart lists the recommended wick sizes for various types and sizes of molds. Note that your wick needs may vary depending on your wax formula.

Please note that the information provided in the "Recommended Application" column is only a recommendation, not a guarantee. Also keep in mind that most of our recommended applications are based upon the wick being used in a traditional base paraffin wax. "Single Pour" paraffin waxes and vegetable waxes, (such as soy wax), generally require a larger wick than a traditional paraffin wax. This means, when using a single pour or soy wax, you will probably need to upsize your wick 1,2, or even 3 sizes to achieve the same size melt pool that would be achieved in a typical paraffin wax. As with any process in manufacturing your candles, you should always test burn to ensure proper wick selection.

Zinc Core Wickss

Coolest burning wick. Commonly used in container candles. Recommended for container candles that require a rigid wick

These are the most commonly used wick type for many types of candles. They may also be used for votives, pillars, and in gel candles. The wire core in the wick helps the wick to remain standing straight while the candle is being poured and when the candle is lit. They have been widely used since the use of lead cored wicks was discontinued long ago.

Each wick has been cut to the specified length, primed with a standard wax (160°F) and has been crimped with a 20mm diameter

Wick Size

Recommended Application (Diameter)
(if using base paraffin type wax)

Length

Price per 100

Price per 1000

Standard 160-degree MP wax coating

28-24

Tea Light Wick Assembly

20 mm base x 3 mm

1-1/8"

3.95

Standard 160-degree MP wax coating

34-40

Votives & Small Containers 1 3/4" - 2 1/4"

Burn rate: 2.34

20 mm base x 3 mm

2.5"

$5.95

$49.50

Standard 160-degree MP wax coating

36-24-24

Votives & Small Containers 2." - 3.5"

Burn rate: 2.34

2.5"

$5.95

$49.50

Standard 160-degree MP wax coating

51-32-18

Medium Containers & Pillars 3" - 3.5"

Burn rate: 4.97
20 mm base x 3 mm neck

6"

$5.95

$49.50

Standard 160-degree MP wax coating

60-44-18

Large Containers & Pillars 3.5" - 4"

Burn rate: 6.63

20 mm base x 3 mm neck

6"

$5.95

$49.50

Standard 160-degree MP wax coating

62-52-18

Large Containers & Pillars 4"-6"

Burn rate: 4.97

20 mm base x 3 mm neck

6"

5.95

49.50

Specialty Wicks = Paper Core

Paper core wicks burn very hot, which yields a large melt pool. Usually used only in large containers.

A cotton outer braid surrounds an inner core of cotton or paper. Commonly used in many types of candles. They are constructed with 100% natural fibers. The cotton core produces the hottest flame and the paper core produces a cooler flame than the cotton core but offers more rigidity.

Each wick has been cut to the specified length, primed with a standard wax (160°F). The paper core wick has been crimped with a 20mm diameter.

Wick Size

Core

Recommended Application (Diameter)
(if using base paraffin type wax)

Length

Price per 100

Price per 1000

 Standard 160-degree MP wax coating

60-44-18

Paper

Large Containers
4" - 4.5"

20 mm base x 3 mm

6"

$5.95

$49.50

Standard 160-degree MP wax coating

44-24-18

Paper

Votive Wick Assembly

2.5"


HTP Series Wicks

Coreless, all cotton braided wicks which are designed to bend at the tip when burning, forcing the tip of the wick into the outermost portion of the flame where it burns hottest. The result is more complete combustion, leaving less carbon buildup (mushrooming) behind and less smoking. Can be used in votives, pillars, containers, and gel candles.

The HTP wick is flat braided in design, but with thin paper fibers intertwined. The result is a cleaner burning, self-trimming wick with additional structural strength, controlled curling and a hotter, more efficient flame. HTP wick is an excellent alternative in hard to burn applications and is a good all around choice for paraffin, gel and vegetable candles that require hotter burn conditions.

Wick Size

Recommended Application (Diameter)
(if using base paraffin type wax)

Length

Price per 100

Price per 1000

HTP-41

Votives & Small Containers
2" - 2.25"

2 1/2"

$6.95

$59.50

HTP-52

Votives & Small Containers
2.25" - 2.5"

2 1/2"

$6.95

$59.50

HTP-52

Small Containers & Pillars
2.25" - 2.5"

6"

$7.95

$69.50

HTP-62

Medium Containers & Pillars
2.5" - 2.75"

6"

$7.95

$69.50

HTP-73

Medium Containers & Pillars
2.75" - 3"

6"

$7.95

$69.50

HTP-83

Medium Containers & Pillars
3" - 3.5"

6"

$7.95

$69.50

Standard 160-degree MP wax coating

HTP-104

Large Containers & Pillars
3.5" - 4"

20 mm base x 3 mm neck

6"

$7.95

$69.50

Standard 160-degree MP wax coating

HTP-105

Large Containers & Pillars
4" - 4.5"

6"

$7.95

$69.50

HTP-1212

Large Containers & Pillars
4.5" - 5"

6"

$7.95

$69.50

Cotton Wicks

A flat, coreless, cotton wick with thin paper filaments interwoven for burn stability. The specially treated paper threads provide a controlled curling of the wick making the ECO series self-trimming, wick results in minimized mushrooming, soot and smoke. ECO wicks are particularly successful in lower melt-point vegetable and paraffin waxes.

A cotton outer braid surrounds an inner core of cotton or paper. Commonly used in many types of candles. They are constructed with 100% natural fibers. The cotton core produces the hottest flame and the paper core produces a cooler flame than the cotton core but offers more rigidity.

Each wick has been cut to the specified length, primed with a high melt point wax (160°F) and has been crimped with a 20mm diameter.

Wick Size

Recommended Application (Diameter)
(if using base paraffin type wax)

Length

Price per 100

Price per 1000

Standard 160-degree MP wax coating

s-330

Tea Light Wick Assembly

20 mm base x 3 mm

1-1/8"

$5.95

$75.00

Standard 160-degree MP wax coating

36-24-24

Votive Wick Assembly

2.5"

$5.95

$75.00

Standard 160-degree MP wax coating

44-24-18

Votive Wick Assembly 2"-3"

BURN RATE:

2.5"

Standard 160-degree MP wax coating

51-32-18

Large Containers & Pillars: 3"-4"

BURN RATE: 4.98

20 mm base x 3 mm

6"

$5.95

$75.00

Standard 160-degree MP wax coating

60-44-18 Cotton

Large Containers & Pillars: 4"-5"

BURN RATE: 6.63

20 mm base x 3 mm

6"

$5.95

$75.00

LX Wicks

Pre-primed and cut to various lengths, most often used in paraffin, but acceptable for use with soy. The LX Series wick produces less smoke and less carbon than zinc core wicks. The LX wick is a uniquely braided, Coreless, flat wick manufactured with stabilizing threads that ensure an optimum burn profile. This allows for a very stable and consistent flame, which minimizes, or eliminates, mushrooming while reducing afterglow, smoke and soot. The LX series of wicks is designed to improve the burning of paraffin and vegetable waxes in containers
Each wick has been cut to the specified length, primed with a high melt point wax (160°F) and has been crimped with a 20mm diameter.

Wick Size

Recommended Application (Diameter)
(if using base paraffin type wax)

Length

Price per 100

Price per 1000

Standard 160-degree MP wax coating

LX-10

Votive Wick Assembly

20 mm base x 3 mm

2.5"

$5.95

$75.00

Standard 160-degree MP wax coating

LX-12

Votive Wick Assembly

20 mm base x 3 mm

2.5"

$5.95

$75.00

Standard 160-degree MP wax coating

LX-18

6"

Standard 160-degree MP wax coating

LX-20

20 mm base x 3 mm

6"

$5.95

$75.00

RRD Wicks

This is a round wick with a uniquely braided cotton core designed with tension threads that give the wick a slight, but effective, curl during combustion. The wick is directional in that capillary action flows more freely in one direction. Due to their intricate design, the RRD series provides a centered burn pool, self-trimming burn characteristics and a consistently high rate of fuel flow. These wicks work well with viscous fuels such as vegetable wax, gels and one pours. They are effective in containers and especially useful in pillars due to their concentric burn pools.

This is a round wick with a uniquely braided cotton core designed with tension threads that give the wick a slight, but effective, curl during combustion. The wick is directional in that capillary action flows more freely in one direction. Due to their intricate design, the RRD series provides a centered burn pool, self-trimming burn characteristics and a consistently high rat of fuel flow. These wicks work well with viscous fuels such as vegetable wax, gels and one pours. These wicks are very effective in making container candles.

Each wick has been cut to the specified length, primed with a high melt point wax (160°F) and has been crimped with a 20mm diameter.

Wick Size

Recommended Application (Diameter)
(if using base paraffin type wax)

Length

Price per 100

Price per 1000

Standard 160-degree MP wax coating

RRD-34

Votive Wick Assembly

20 mm base x 3 mm

2.5"

$5.95

$75.00

Standard 160-degree MP wax coating

RRD-40

Standard Jar Candle Wick Assembly

6"

Standard 160-degree MP wax coating

RRD-47

Standard Jar Candle Wick Assembly

20 mm base x 3 mm

6"

$5.95

$75.00

CD Wicks

The CD wick is a Coreless, non-directional, flat braided wick with a special Paper filament woven around it. This configuration is engineered to promote maximum and consistent capillary action while insuring a wick trimming flame posture. The CD series is used in many different applications and is especially compatible with the harder to melt viscous waxes of both paraffin and vegetable base

The CD wick is a coreless, non-directional, flat braided wick with a special paper filament woven around it. This configuration is engineered to promote maximum and consistent capillary action while insuring a wick trimming flame posture, the CD series is used in many different applications and is especially compatible with the harder-to-melt viscous waxes of both paraffin and vegetable base.

Wick Size

Recommended Application (Diameter)
(if using base paraffin type wax)

Length

Price per 100

Price per 1000

Standard 160-degree MP wax coating

2.5"

$5.95

$75.00

Standard 160-degree MP wax coating

6"

Standard 160-degree MP wax coating

6"

$5.95

$75.00

Burn Rate: Is the rate of wax consumption in ounces in one hour by the wick. The higher the burn rates the more wax which is being consumed. Used to determine how well a wick and wax combination is performing.

Make sure when ordering wicks that the length of the wick is long enough for your application. The length should be about 1" or longer than your container or mold. After your candle has completely hardened trim your wick to about ½" above the candle surface. If you have a long enough wick left over after removing the excess, then you can reuse the wick by putting your own wick tab on the end. You can find wick tabs in the wick section. Also don't forget to order wick stickers (OR OUR GLUE DOTS) to secure your wick to the bottom of the container, they too can be found in the wick section.

Wick Size

 

Wick Size Chart

 

Core Type

Suggested Applications

Burn Rate

 

62-52-18

Cotton

4.5" - 5.5" Dia. Containers

0.29

60-44-18

Cotton

4" - 5" Dia. Containers

0.29

51-32-18

Cotton

3" - 4" Dia. Containers

0.24

44-32-18

Cotton

2 1/2" - 4" Dia. Containers

0.23

44-20-18

Cotton

2" - 2 3/4" Dia. Containers & Votives

0.19

36-24-24

Cotton

2" - 2 3/4" Dia. Containers & Votives

0.17

34-40 SP

Cotton

2" - 3" Dia. Containers & Votives (Paraffin Candles)

0.16

60-44-18

Paper

4" - 5" Dia. Containers

0.31

51-32-18

Paper

3" - 4" Dia. Containers

0.22

HTP-41

Coreless

2" Dia. Containers, Votives & Tea-Lights

0.17

HTP-62

Coreless

2 1/2" - 3" Containers

0.19

HTP-73

Coreless

3" Containers

0.23

HTP-83

Coreless

3" - 3 1/2" Containers

0.25

HTP-104

Coreless

3 1/4" - 3 3/4" Dia. Containers

0.26

HTP-105

Coreless

3 3/4" - 4" Dia. Containers

0.26

HTP-1212

Coreless

4" - 5" Dia. Containers

0.30

RRD-29

Cotton

2" - 2 1/4" Dia. Containers, Votives

0.13

RRD-34

Cotton

2 1/4" - 2 1/2" Dia. Containers

0.19

RRD-37

Cotton

2 1/2" - 3" Dia. Containers

0.21

RRD-40

Cotton

3" - 3 1/4" Dia. Containers

0.23

RRD-47

Cotton

3 1/4" - 3 1/2" Dia. Containers

0.27

RRD-50

Cotton

3 1/2" - 4" Dia. Containers

0.29

RRD-55

Cotton

4" - 4 1/2" Dia. Containers

0.31

LX-8

Coreless

1 1/4" - 1 1/2" Dia. Containers, Votives & Tealights

0.13

LX-10

Coreless

1 1/2" - 2" Dia. Containers, Votives & Tealights

0.15

LX-12

Coreless

2" to 2 1/2" Dia. Containers & Votives

0.18

LX-20

Coreless

3 1/4" - 3 1/2" Dia. Containers

0.22

LX-22

Coreless

3 1/2" - 4" Dia. Containers

0.27

LX-24

Coreless

4" - 4 1/4" Dia. Containers

0.30

CD-2

Coreless

Tea-Lights

0.13

CD-4

Coreless

Tea-Lights

0.17

CD-7

Coreless

2 1/4" - 2 1/2" Dia. Containers

0.20

CD-12

Coreless

3 1/2" Dia. Containers

0.24


Burn Rate: Is the rate of wax consumption in ounces in one hour by the wick. The higher the burn rates the more wax which is being consumed. Used to determine how well a wick and wax combination is performing.

Make sure when ordering wicks that the length of the wick is long enough for your application. The length should be about 1" or longer than your container or mold. After your candle has completely hardened trim your wick to about ½" above the candle surface. If you have a long enough wick left over after removing the excess, then you can reuse the wick by putting your own wick tab on the end. You can find wick tabs in the wick section. Also don't forget to order wick stickers (OR OUR GLUE DOTS) to secure your wick to the bottom of the container, they too can be found in the wick section.

Wick Size Chart
Wick Size
Core Type
Suggested Applications
Burn Rate
62-52-18 Cotton 4.5" - 5.5" Dia. Containers 0.29
60-44-18 Cotton 4" - 5" Dia. Containers 0.29
51-32-18 Cotton 3" - 4" Dia. Containers 0.24
44-32-18 Cotton 2 1/2" - 4" Dia. Containers 0.23
44-20-18 Cotton 2" - 2 3/4" Dia. Containers & Votives 0.19
36-24-24 Cotton 2" - 2 3/4" Dia. Containers & Votives 0.17
34-40 SP Cotton 2" - 3" Dia. Containers & Votives (Paraffin Candles) 0.16
60-44-18 Paper 4" - 5" Dia. Containers 0.31
51-32-18 Paper 3" - 4" Dia. Containers 0.22
HTP-41 Coreless 2" Dia. Containers, Votives & Tea-Lights 0.17
HTP-62 Coreless 2 1/2" - 3" Containers 0.19
HTP-73 Coreless 3" Containers 0.23
HTP-83 Coreless 3" - 3 1/2" Containers 0.25
HTP-104 Coreless 3 1/4" - 3 3/4" Dia. Containers 0.26
HTP-105 Coreless 3 3/4" - 4" Dia. Containers 0.26
HTP-1212 Coreless 4" - 5" Dia. Containers 0.30
RRD-29 Cotton 2" - 2 1/4" Dia. Containers, Votives 0.13
RRD-34 Cotton 2 1/4" - 2 1/2" Dia. Containers 0.19
RRD-37 Cotton 2 1/2" - 3" Dia. Containers 0.21
RRD-40 Cotton 3" - 3 1/4" Dia. Containers 0.23
RRD-47 Cotton 3 1/4" - 3 1/2" Dia. Containers 0.27
RRD-50 Cotton 3 1/2" - 4" Dia. Containers 0.29
RRD-55 Cotton 4" - 4 1/2" Dia. Containers 0.31
LX-8 Coreless 1 1/4" - 1 1/2" Dia. Containers, Votives & Tealights 0.13
LX-10 Coreless 1 1/2" - 2" Dia. Containers, Votives & Tealights 0.15
LX-12 Coreless 2" to 2 1/2" Dia. Containers & Votives 0.18
LX-20 Coreless 3 1/4" - 3 1/2" Dia. Containers 0.22
LX-22 Coreless 3 1/2" - 4" Dia. Containers 0.27
LX-24 Coreless 4" - 4 1/4" Dia. Containers 0.30
CD-2 Coreless Tea-Lights 0.13
CD-4 Coreless Tea-Lights 0.17
CD-7 Coreless 2 1/4" - 2 1/2" Dia. Containers 0.20
CD-12 Coreless 3 1/2" Dia. Containers 0.24

Wick Information

It is necessary to test burn for accurate results. We always recommend testing our wicks in the wax formula first, then add the color & test, lastly add the scent & test a final time. This method, although time consuming, will produce accurate results. Anytime a formula is changed at all testing should be redone for the optimum results.
Many times different scents, colors, or containers require different wicks, as well as different waxes.

Smoking

wick too large
air pocket in wax
wick too long

use a lower burn rate wick
pour at higher temperature
trim wick

Dripping

drafty location
wick off center
wax too soft
wick too small

move candle
center wick
use harder wax
use higher burn rate wick or
increase wick size

Mushrooming

too rich of a wax formula
too much color or scent
wick too small

use a harder wax
use less, try different brands
use a higher burn rate wick

Drowning

wick too small

wax too soft

increase the wick size
add stearic or
use a higher melt point wax

Burning Out

wick too small

wax too hard
wick not primed

increase the wick size/ burn rate


add petro/crisco
always prime wick

Sputtering

water in wax or wick

increase the wick size/ burn rate
add petro/crisco
always prime wick

Flame too high

drafty location
wick too long
wick too large

move candle
trim to 1/4"
decrease wick size or
try lower burn rate wick

Melt pool too small

melt pool too small

use larger wick or
multiple wicks if appropriate

For a slower burning candle, refrigerate

before using and make sure candle is

wrapped in plastic or foil to prevent the wick from absorbing moisture.

After candles have been extinguished, re-center the wick.

Extinguish all candles when they get within 2 inches of the bottom.

To prevent an extinguished candle from smoking,

dip the wick into the melted wax.



Wick Type

Recommended Uses

Square Braid

Square Braid cotton wick is used in the majority of beeswax candles, tapers, pillars and citronella candles. This wick is also designed to give a slight bend at its tip when burning.

Flat Braid

Flat Braid Wick is used in taper and pillar candles. This wick is designed to bend slightly when burned allowing for an even burn and a reduction of carbon (mushrooming) at the tip.

Zinc Core

Metal is used in wicks to help them stand up in candles that produce deeper melt pools. Zinc core burns the coolest and is the most commonly used wick type in container candles, votives and tea lights. Note: These are known to mushroom and sometimes smoke more than other types.
(In the past Lead and Tin were sometimes used, but those are no longer on the market in the US.)

Paper Core

Paper core burns the hottest and is good for waxes that require heavy duty wicking to achieve a good melt pool. Used in container candles. Note: Some candlemakers report that these cause candles to smoke more in some applications.

Hemp Core

Hemp is a strong natural fiber which makes for rigid wicks that will stand up straight while burning. Can be used in containers, votives and pillars.

Coreless Cotton

These all cotton braided wicks are designed to bend at the tip when burning, forcing the tip of the wick into the outer portion of the flame where it burns the hottest. This causes more complete combustion, leaving less carbon (mushroom) behind and less smoking, making for a cleaner burn. These also tend to require less trimming, and are sometimes referred to as "self trimming". Usually used in container candles as an alternative to cored wicks.





Disclaimer: The information presented here is accurate to the best of my knowledge and common candle making practices as of the time of this writing - AUGUST 2006. The author and the publisher accept no liability for the use or misuse of any of the information presented in this article. This article is presented for informational purposes and is used at your own risk.